These two types of trees are all around you in Kitchener: Coniferous and deciduous trees come in native and invasive species all throughout Canada. Knowing the difference not only helps you better appreciate your surroundings but can also help guide you in your landscaping decisions. Explore the differences between these trees and find out how you can enjoy safe tree removal services.
One of the major differences between the two types is in the leaves. Deciduous trees grow leaves in a variety of shapes and sizes. Whether they are round, pointed, sprawling or compact, these leafy parts display a vibrant green in the spring and summer before turning to brilliant reds, yellows and oranges in the fall. Deciduous trees grow in a wide range of climate zones. They aren’t usually found in the most extreme northern regions of Canada but are still popular in southwestern Ontario.
Coniferous trees have needles instead of leaves. These pointy protrusions come in a range of sizes, shapes and thicknesses, but they all are visibly different from leaves. A conifer typically grows in more northern climates, which is why they are so common in Ontario.
Autumn is a beautiful time of year when the shifting seasons bring about changing temperatures and leaf colours. One of the most obvious differences between deciduous and coniferous trees is that only deciduous trees change their colours in the fall. Falling leaves aren’t just for show. This process conserves energy as deciduous trees prepare for a cold winter.
In general, conifers keep their needles. This is why these are also referred to as evergreen trees. There are a few deciduous conifers that drop their needles, like bald cypress and larch, but most are happy to stay green all winter long.
Cones and Seeds
Leaves and seasonal colour changes are the most obvious differences, but they aren’t actually the most accurate ways to compare these two tree types. There are plenty of exceptions to this rule, so it’s easy to be confused about the type of trees that are in your yard or on your property. The most definitive way to separate coniferous and deciduous trees is how they reproduce.
Conifers use cones to reproduce. These compact, sturdy parts are perfect for keeping seeds safe as they drop and are carried away by wildlife.
Deciduous trees, on the other hand, use seeds and flowers to reproduce. These trees need to be pollinated before they spread their fertilized seeds. The seed-spreading strategy can vary, but this general reproduction process is what classifies deciduous trees.
Common Trees Species
Explore the common species of deciduous and coniferous trees to better identify these trees on your property. Common deciduous species you may find in Kitchener include birch, maple and oak. Maple trees are some of the most iconic deciduous trees in Canada, so they should be easy to distinguish by their leaves.
Conifers can have needles pointing up or down. Many are vibrant green, although some have more of a grey or blue hue. Typical coniferous trees in Canada include cedar, fir and pine trees. Professionals use the bark, needle and cone designs to distinguish tree types.
Learn More About Tree Types in Kitchener
Comparing deciduous and coniferous trees isn’t just an entertaining fact to bring up at a party. Understanding the differences can help you spot signs of an injured or dying tree in your yard. If you’re concerned with the health and safety of a coniferous or deciduous tree in your yard, contact us at Martin’s Tree Service. We’ll send a qualified technician to inspect your trees and determine the best way to care for them while keeping your property safe. If you need to trim or remove a tree, work with a professional team to avoid a dangerous situation.