Summer Pruning Techniques
Most summer pruning is about the removal of dead wood and branches that are broken, rubbing or interfering with one another. Removing these branches will enable the tree to remain strong and healthy with a good branch structure that can withstand high winds and stormy weather. Horizontal branches and low hanging limbs should be cut back to reduce excessive strain on the tree.
Remember, pests and diseases are rife in the summer and a tree with open pruning wounds will be more vulnerable to an insect attack or infection. Therefore, when you prune, smaller cuts are preferable to large ones and the correct place to make a cut is the branch collar as this allows the wound to heal more rapidly, minimizing the risk of branch decay, disease, and insect attacks. Cuts should be made back to secondary or lateral branches, but avoid flush cuts close to the trunk of the tree as this could be detrimental to its health.
Avoiding Common Mistakes
When summer tree pruning is unavoidable, it is important to get the basics right, be careful and do not over prune your tree or remove too many branches as this could cause serious long-term problems.
A tree needs its leaves for shade and to produce food. If an excessive amount of foliage is removed, the tree might not be able to produce enough food and could look unhealthy or, even worse, die. Over pruned trees are susceptible to sunscald or sunburn and the sudden influx of sunlight can seriously affect the health of the tree bark causing cracks, decay or permanent damage to the branches.
Incorrect summer pruning can cause irreparable damage to your trees and if you are new to gardening or unsure of what you are doing, it is always best to consult a professional tree pruning service. Martin’s Tree Services can take care of all your summer pruning needs and make sure that your trees are both beautiful and healthy.